Only a limited number of antibiotics can kill multi-resistant bacteria. That is why those bacteria can cause infections that are hard to treat. This makes it necessary to reduce their spreading throughout a healthcare institution.
Multi-resistant bacteria easily spread from one person to another through hands. Other transmission ways are coughing, sneezing and even sometimes through clothing. That is why your healthcare providers take specific measures in order to prevent multi-resistant bacteria from spreading: hand hygiene, wearing protective clothes, a mask, gloves, …
Do not hesitate to ask your healthcare providers for additional advice.
- The most important preventive measure is hand hygiene, for both patients and visitors. Inside the hospital, you always have to disinfect your hands with alcohol based solution. Do so several times a day, especially when leaving the room.
- A good personal hygiene is essential. In some cases the use of antimicrobial soap is necessary.
- Severe mouth hygiene is very important too. In some cases, disinfecting mouth water is prescribed.
- The clothes you wear have to be clean, it is preferable to change them on a daily basis.
- In some cases, additional preventive measures are necessary.
- Ask your visitors not to use the toilet in your room, and not to go visit other patients.
Advice when returning home
- Inform your healthcare providers if you are a carrier of multi-resistant bacteria.
- Washing your hands with water and soap remains very important. Disinfecting them with alcohol based solution is no longer necessary.
- For your personal hygiene: wash yourself every day with normal soap. Wash your clothes at the highest possible temperature, using your usual detergent. The ideal washing temperature is 60°C. Ironing is a good way of killing pathogenic microbes as well.
- All dirty bandages and protection materials may be discarded with the domestic garbage.
Advice in case of a new hospitalisation
On admission to a hospital, tell the staff that you are/have been carrier of multi-resistant bacteria.